In South Africa, water scarcity is a reality, and while residents are urged to adhere to restrictions, companies also have a role to play by managing their water footprint. A water footprint refers to the litres of freshwater used to produce and move a product through the Supply Chain, from producing raw material right up to the point of consumption. Without a doubt, many businesses are either suffering from, or at risk of water wastage in their operation and greater supply chains. From small but insidious water leaks to the overuse of water in manufacturing, some companies may be surprised to discover the extent of a product's water footprint.
Power dressing as a concept began in the 1970’s and is considered as a style of dressing that establishes authority. Initially, the style was a direct reflection of male dressing – incorporating a pencil skirt or suit matched with more feminine accessories. Today the idea of power dressing has evolved to reflect personal style and to espouse the adage “Dress for the job you want, not the one you have”.
From Cherry to Cup
In 800 A.D., goats were the first to experience coffee when shepherds noticed that they appeared to “dance” after having eaten coffee berries. From then on coffee started energizing the world with the first coffee house opening in 1415 in Istanbul. Today, over 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day across the world. With this high rate of consumption and the average coffee drinker’s dependence on coffee, it is no surprise that coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world.
In the nineties, the world met Simon, the first smartphone from IBM. This was the first device to run software applications and have a touch screen. The device cost just under $900 and only worked within certain US states. Fast forward a short twenty years and it is estimated that there are more smart devices in circulation than there are humans on earth.
Since the earliest explorers packed cargo holds full of cacao destined for European shores, the global taste for chocolate has evolved into a billion dollar industry. Traversing the globe, the supply chain of chocolate is a complex one - connecting farmers, manufacturers, retailers and consumers on a daily basis.